Half of all Indigenous people (46%) and one-third of migrants (33%) experience racism in public, yet few people intervene.
This can happen due to bystander bias, the psychological response where people will not act if other people are also witness to an emergency. People presume someone else will intervene. This includes when they see racism at work or on public transport – everyone freezes thinking someone else will do something, but then no one does.
How do we overcome bystander bias and take anti-racism action? Read some tips from a talk I gave to a policy audience: https://othersociologist.com/2018/07/07/harmony-anti-racism/