On Sociology at Work, a not-for-profit that I run, Scott Burrows writes about his work addressing youth unemployment in picturesque Illawara, in regional New South Wales, Australia. Scott works a sociologist and research consultant for private industry.
Scott finds that young people tend to feel disappointed that service providers have not been able to help them find a job. At the same time, these youth believe that their personal traits and deficiencies stop them from finding work. In other words, they tend to blame themselves for their unemployment. While it is important for individuals to take ownership of their personal troubles, sociology finds connections between individual stories and larger social patterns. C. Wright Mills calls this the sociological imagination.
As a sociologist, Scott goes beyond these individual perspectives, by looking at unemployment using a broader framework. He focuses on the concept of citizenship.
These youth are not able to participate as full citizens of their local communities for a range of reasons, such as lack of education, inadequate housing, poor access to transport, family issues, substance abuse and mental health problems. Job preparation and motivation is a problem for many people in regional Australia, not just young people in particular. This makes unemployment a civic issue, not an individual deficiency.
Improving young people’s access to civic partcipation includes:
- secure housing,
- reliable public transport,
- broader education and training, and
- better social services to address family and health issues.
These services also help overcome the structural barriers to securing work. This benefits young people’s communities in many ways, as everyone’s access to local services and amenities are improved.
In the article, Scott also writes about his own work experiences as a research consultant. Moving from academic research into private industry, Scott discusses having to adjust to swift deadlines and a looser use of social theory. He raises a poignant issue close to my heart, about the different working contexts of applied researchers versus academia:
I have also found that in terms of knowledge and professional practice, private organisations require researchers to have knowledge on many projects from a wide range of issues whereas academic organisations tend to have a more thorough in-depth knowledge in a smaller cohort of studies. This is not a criticism but rather a reflection of the way in which a private organisation operates.
I find this to be true – while non-academic researchers are limited in researching expansive projects for long periods of time, we take on a varied portfolio that both challenges yet invigorates our social science training. The best part of our job is finding ways to make social science relevant and applicable to our clients. It’s not always easy, but it is rewarding, as you can see the real benefits that social science can have on communities and organisations.
Read more about Scott’s experiences on Sociology at Work.